施暴和販賣人口的案例不斷增加，影響著像Adelina, Yulfrida, Erwiana和其他受害者。這正是因為印尼政府不肯承認家務工是工人，不為我們提供法律保障以符合聯合國保障所有移民工及其家庭權益的國際條約。在港印尼移工網絡作此總結：實際上，在移工議題上，「國家仍舊缺席。」
Statement of The Network of Indonesian Migrant Workers (Jaringan Buruh Migran Indonesia, JBMI)
On the 107th Anniversary of International Women Workers’ Day
MAKE RECOGNITION & LEGAL PROTECTION FOR MIGRANT DOMESTIC WORKERS
STOP ALL FORMS OF EXPLOITATION & IMPROVED WORKING CONDITIONS
CREATE A COMPLAINT MECHANISM & COMPENSENTAE (OVERCHARING) DAMAGES FAIRLY
END MODERN SLAVERY SYSTEM
JBMI, a network of oversees migrant worker organizations and members of their families, wishes to commemorate International Women’s Day (March 8) to all women migrant workers in any places.
Migrant Domestic Workers are the largest sector of migrant workers, heroes for families, countries and communities. But we continue to be degraded, discriminated against and abandoned only because we are women and domestic workers. On the anniversary of this historic day, we would like to again call upon the Indonesian government to immediately realize the recognition and legal protection for the human rights of migrant domestic workers as workers.
Working Conditions and Impaired Health Status
Chelsea Cheung, [06.03.18 17:42]
Working aboard, we are all bound by the regulations of placement countries that require us to live in the same house with the employer (live-in). In addition, there are no rules that limit working hours, set the standards of decent beds and nutritious food. As a result, migrant domestic workers are often victims of poor working conditions, forced labor and verbal, physical and sexual abuse.
Migrant domestic workers generally work for 12-16 hours a day and stand by for 24 hours. Although Hong Kong guarantees a 24-hour holiday once a week, many are forced to work even forbidden to have holidays.
The majority have no privacy and many are put to sleep in the living room, kitchen, bathroom, terrace or room outside the house, without adequate mattresses and blankets. No heating machine during winter and fan or air conditioner during summer.
The absence of rules on food often makes employers arbitrary in granting food. Breakfast with 1 to 2 pieces of bread, lunch and dinner with instant noodles or leftover food is common. Migrant domestic workers being forced to spend their salary to buy their own food are not just a few, even though the salary is actually insufficient to meet the prices of needs that continue to soar overseas and in Indonesia.
Lack of rest, unqualified sleep, less nutritious food, high stress levels due to work pressures and family needs lead to continuing decline of health conditions. Migrant domestic workers are easily ill, exposed to severe illness (high blood pressure, stroke, kidney failure or other organs, cancer, broken blood vessels, major depression) and died of diseases.
The Chain of Modern Slavery System
The Indonesian government has just passed the Indonesian Migrant Workers Protection Act (UU-PPMI) by the end of 2017. However, migrant domestic workers are still not allowed to choose independent contracts and are still being forced into Private Indonesian Manpower Supplier Company (PPTKIS). It is this chain that traps migrant domestic workers in a system of debt enslavement and forced labor.
Migrant domestic workers are charged 2-3 times more expensive placement fees than that specified in Regulation of the Minister of Labor, banned from changing PPTKIS and agents if they have not finished 2-year contracts, the passport data is falsified despite the presence of biometric systems, important documents retained, no information (season, customs, language, law) about the country of placement provided, subject to captivity, violence and more. All the effects of the modern system of slavery are implemented by the Indonesian government itself.
The rise of cases of violence and human trafficking affecting migrant domestic workers such as Adelina, Yulfrida, Erwiana and other victims is precisely because of the Indonesian government’s refusal to recognize domestic workers as workers and create legal protections that guarantee rights in accordance with the UN International Convention on the Protection of Migrant Workers and Members of His Family. JBMI concludes that in fact “the state is not yet present" for migrant domestic workers.
Therefore, we restate our demands as follows:
1. Eradicate modern slavery systems by freeing migrant domestic workers from private sector company (PJTKI) and Agencies and enforce independent contracts without discrimination
2. Eliminate debt enslavement by creating a fair grievance and redress mechanism for overcharging victims (deduct the amount which exceeds that specified in legal provisions)
3. Improve employment services abroad by:
a) granting authorization of passports to the victims of data forgery so that they could return to home country and not to depot the victims by “Travel Document in Lieu of a Passport” (SPIP)
b) creating a 24-hour complaint system
c) not directing migrant workers who complain to return to the agent / employer
4. Create binding agreements with placement countries that regulate migrant domestic workers’ rights including holiday and rest rights.
5. Stop the practice of Human Trafficking, crack down on abusers and guarantee the rights of victims and their families.
6. To fight for improvement of working conditions of migrant domestic workers with the Hong Kong government to ensure the safety and security of work:
a) Increase in salary to HK $ 5500 per month
b) Determination of standard work hours or rests
c) Establishment of policies governing acceptable accommodation standards and prohibiting inhuman accommodation (bathrooms, cabinets, kitchens, sofas, etc.)
d) Preparation of policies that regulate food standards
In the midst of the failure of the state to guarantee decent employment in the country and to alleviate people from poverty, the state should play an active role in ensuring the welfare of migrant workers. Still, we recognize the need for awareness, unity and solidarity of the migrant workers themselves to ensure that demands are met.
In the midst of people’s lives that continue to deteriorate as a result of the greed of global capitalists pursuing profits through a system of free market globalization, our rights as workers will continue to be coped. As a part of the community of working women, we have no choice but to keep fighting.