跨國品牌菲設廠刻薄員工 工人罷工抗爭被打傷

[草根.行動.媒體] 2018.8.18

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參考資料:

NutriAsia workers go on strike against ‘illegal termination,’ contractualization <http://bulatlat.com/main/2018/06/04/nutriasia-workers-go-strike-illegal-termination/>

LOOK: Why NutriAsia workers are on strike <https://www.rappler.com/nation/205166-reason-nutriasia-workers-on-strike>

合約工的苦,香港的打工仔女再清楚不過:定期續約、生計不穩之餘,人工、年假、長期服務金等等各種員工福利也被剋扣;遇上外判制度,更是雪上加霜。在我們的近鄰菲律賓,一群工人自今年6月起發起罷工。讓他們走上街頭的,正是一眾合約工的相同處境——更嚴峻的,是資方和杜特爾特政府下國家機器聯手的暴力。

罷工的工人們來自布拉干(Bulacan)省Marilao自治區。據當地媒體Bulatlat報導,他們的公司NutriAsia是一個跨國調味品巨頭製造商,2015年的總資產至少有168億比索(約港幣25億),卻大量透過外判商聘請合約工以降低成本。NutriAsia團結工人工會(United Workers of NutriAsia, Nagkakaisang Manggagawa ng NutriAsia)主席Jessie Gerola表示,公司位於Marilao的工廠有約1400名工人,只有100人是正式員工。其餘的合約工人拿著微薄的薪水(根據Rappler的訪問,工人日薪380比索左右,約56港幣),只有靠加班費才勉強維生——而發不發加班費則是靠運氣。訪問裡還提到,工人們要自己掏腰包買制服和防護用具,這往往是他們幾天的薪水;而薪酬調整在多年間卻不見調整。除此之外,Jessie向Bulatlat記者形容工廠環境十分擁擠,工人在處理液體時非常容易燙傷,而一旦工傷發生,NutriAsia為避免寫工傷報告會拒絕送工人到自己的診所,還威脅傷者若舉報工傷便會丟失飯碗。Bulatlat報導,早在今年2月28日,菲律賓勞工及僱傭部(Department of Labour and Employment, DOLE)已向NutriAsia發佈一條服從令,必須給予914位工人正式員工的身份,並揭露其違反職業安全與健康的工作環境。然而,NutriAsia並不打算服從命令,正向DOLE上訴決定。

在如此難以忍受的條件下,工人們組織工會卻被打壓,成為了這次罷工的導火線。據Bulatlat報導,組織工會的工人們來自NutriAsia其中一個最大的外判公司B-Mirk,今年4月成功成立工會——工會的五個工會領袖和成員隨即被解僱。50名工友在一個工作日連續鼓掌15分鐘以製造噪音,抗議資方無理解僱——他們也立即收到停職警告。6月2日,約200名工友和支持者在工廠外築成人鏈,堵塞入口迫使工廠停運,罷工開始。

警方和資方不合比例的戒備也旋即啟動。兩家媒體均指出,在場包圍罷工人群的有布拉干省級警察、特種武器和戰術部隊(Special Weapons And Tactics, SWAT)、NutriAsia的保安人員。自NutriAsia向地區法院成功申請限制令限制工人們後,三方已嘗試暴力驅散人群。身處糾察線的工人描述,他們不斷毆打罷工群眾,甚至追打正在離開的人。就在剛過去的7月30日,一場更大規模的暴力清場發生了。數十人在流血衝突中受傷,工人、學生、記者被拘捕。

捍衛菲律賓都市貧民住屋權、反迫遷的民間自發組織Kadamay一直站在前線聲援罷工工人,是次清場中被捕和受傷的人群中,也有Kadamay的成員。以下是Kadamay為仍受重傷的成員Leticia Retiza所做的報導:

(http://bulatlat.com/main/2018/06/04/nutriasia-workers-go-strike-illegal-termination/)

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Dear friends, colleagues and comrades in the international community

國際社群的朋友、同僚和同志:

Once we again writ to you in times of need. Workers of the NutriAsia factory in Bulacan have been on strike for around two months, while Kadamay as an organization of poor Filipinos has lent its support throughout this period.

我們在危急之時再一次寫信給大家。NutriAsia位於布拉干省的工廠工人罷工已持續了兩個月左右,在此期間菲律賓都市貧民組織KADAMAY一直給予支持。

The workers face dire conditions, severely low wages, job insecurity while their benefits are withheld. Despite this, both the police and the NutriAsia management continue to brutalize the workers picket line and spread lies by blaming workers and their supporters for supposedly initiating the violence.

工人們面對著可怕的工作條件、嚴重扣削的工資、不受保障的工作;同時,他們的福利還被剋扣。除此之外,警察和NutriAsia的管理層繼續殘暴對待前線糾察工人,並散播謠言譴責工人及其支持者率先引發暴力。

Last July 30, the violence escalated as police once again initiated a dispersal while an ecumenical mass was going on for the workers. Kadamay members and volunteers were present. Around 49 people were hurt, 19 arrested (including two Kadamay members) and 3 sent to the hospital, one which is Letecia Retiza, a 56 year old grandmother and Kadamay member from Bulacan.

在剛過去的7月30日,隨著警察再次在一個聲援工人的公眾集會中進行清場,暴力升級了。Kadamay的成員和義工都在場。大約49人受傷,19人被拘捕(包括兩名Kadamay的成員),3人被送往醫院,其中一位是56歲的婆婆兼布拉干省Kadamay成員Leticia Retiza。

A block of cement was thrown at her face, fracturing her skull on the right side of her face. The following is the latest update on her situation:

一塊水泥磚擲向她的臉部,令她左臉的頭骨骨折。以下是她的最新情況:

 

Update on situation of Letecia Retiza/Nanay Leti as of August 4, living proof of the violence that occurred during the NutriAsia dispersal

NutriAsia暴力清場的活證據——Letecia Retiza(Leti婆婆)八月四日的最新情況

-Discharged this afternoon from hospital due to insufficient bed capacity. She has been to two hospitals this week, both have affirmed her fractured skull on the right side of her face, pneumonia and severe swelling from the head to the throat.

– 由於床位不足,她於下午出院。這個禮拜她已被送進兩間醫院,兩間都確認她左臉頭骨骨折、肺炎以及頭部至喉嚨的嚴重腫脹。

-Today she reached out to her doctor to find out how she will proceed with surgery. Swamped with patients, the doctor asked her to come back tomorrow. She was left waiting outside the hospital. Isang linggo ng pabalik-balik.

– 今天她向醫生瞭解自己將如何進行手術,但被病人潮淹沒的醫生讓她第二天再來,她只好被留在醫院外等待。

-She moved to a different hospital, the third one this week amidst fears that the infection might worsen.

– 她被轉至另一間醫院——在擔心發炎狀況惡化中度過的一個禮拜中,這已是第三間。

-Kadamay urges supporters of the urban poor and NutriAsia workers to continue donations as she is likely to undergo surgery.

– 因為她很大可能會進行手術,Kadamay呼籲都市貧民和NutriAsia工人的支持者繼續捐款。

-She still has a hard time eating solid foods, according to her, even swallowing her own saliva is painful.

– 她說,進食固體食物仍然很困難,甚至吞口水也會痛。

-Prior to the occupation in Pandi, she was living in a house with three other families. Her daughter’s family (now in Pandi) could not cope with the rent given her husband only earned P200 a day from being a worker at the rice mill in Sta. Maria, Bulacan.

– 在佔領Pandi自治區(按:在布拉干省Pandi自治區,有大量國家房屋局(National Housing Authority)分配給警察和軍人卻一直閒置的社會房屋。2017年三月開始,Kadamay與一眾家園被政府和地產商迫遷又無法負擔城市租金的無家者一起佔領了這些房子,抗議菲律賓政府無視貧民處境的房屋政策。詳見:https://wp.me/p2HdPx-2Xr)之前,她與三個其它家庭生活在一個房子里。她女兒的家庭(現在在Pandi)只依賴身為布拉干省聖瑪麗亞自治區米廠工人的丈夫每天200比索的收入,根本無法負擔租金。

-Nanay Leti affirms that she was shouting “walang sakitan! (don’t hurt anybody)" when the commotion started and when the heavy rock hit her face, she lost consciousness.

– Nanay Leti證實當騷亂開始的時候,她在大喊:「不要傷害任何人!」重石擊中她的臉時,她便失去了意識。

-At present, no mainstream media outlet has covered the situation. Many institutions are sponsored by NutriAsia, however, international media outfit, TeleSur has brought the incident to light.

– 直至今日,沒有主流傳媒報導這個情況。許多媒體機構都有NutriAsia的贊助,然而,國際媒體機構TeleSur已將事件曝光:

https://www.telesurtv.net/english/news/Filipino-Police-and-NutriAsia-Security-Violently-Attack-Workers-20180730-0021.html

https://www.facebook.com/telesurenglish/videos/1444380189038712/

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