2020香港「億萬人起動」On the occasion of One Billion Rising Hong Kong 2020

On the occasion of One Billion Rising Hong Kong 2020
2020香港「億萬人起動」

1-million-rising
Rise in solidarity to end modern day slavery and neoliberal attacks to workers and people of Hong Kong
起來團結同行,結束現代奴役及新自由主義對香港工人及外藉家務工的壓迫。

 

The global campaign of One Billion Rising (OBR) Hong Kong 2020 pursues as women migrants and locals raise the vibes to end all forms of violence and exploitation against women specially in the time of the novel coronavirus (COVID-2019).
即使在新型冠狀病毒肆虐之下,香港工人和外籍家務工站起來,參與全球「億萬人起動-2020」(One Billion Rising, OBR)運動,對抗一切形式針對女性的暴力和剝削。

When the news of the COVID-2019 outbreak came to the fore, the goals of our campaign have become clearer in line with advancing the health system of our society in which women play a major role. During these trying times, we have implemented creative procedures on pushing our campaign while we are on alert and health on our focus.
當我們面對新冠狀病毒爆發的這個時刻,更突顯「億萬人起動-2020」的目標,就是促進我們社會的公共衛生系統,因為女性在其中佔了一個很重要的角色,不單是抗逆的醫護及衞生前線,在家居及社區中承擔著清潔衞生任務的家庭照顧者和家務工,都同樣承擔重大責任和壓力。在這個艱難的時刻,我們運用創意,一邊對疫情保持警惕、關心大家的健康狀態,一邊宣揚這場運動。

Wearing masks and bearing placards with the OBR campaign’s calls, hundreds of domestic workers from different migrant groups, alliances, and federations from Philippines and Indonesia, simultaneous small scale programs were held for the Filipinos last week and the Indonesians will be holding it this coming Sunday.
數以百計外籍家務工和本地勞工戴著口罩、舉起「億萬人起動」運動的口號標語,舉辦小型活動在社區推廣及宣揚這運動。他們是來自菲律賓和印尼各個移民工組織、聯盟和工會。菲律賓姊妹已經在上星期順利舉行,這個星期日(2月16日)由印尼姊妹接續。

Then and now, there is worsening poverty, no living wage for all, racial and gender discrimination, sexual exploitation, modern day slavery and social exclusion. The virus outbreak has worsened our objective conditions as women become more vulnerable.
一直以來,香港的貧窮持續加劇,沒有「生活工資」,仍然存在種族和性別歧視、性剝削、現代奴役、社會排斥依然存在。疫情爆發令我們的生活條件變得嚴峻,因為女人是在這個社會上更脆弱的群體。

Unemployment for Hong Kong people has increased. Migrants face greater uncertainty in their employment and working conditions. With overseas Filipino workers (OFWS) in particular, President Duterte’s imposition of blanket travel ban made matters worse as hundreds of Hong Kong-based OFWs are in peril of losing their jobs.
香港人的就業處境變差、失業率在上升,外籍家務工在僱傭和工作環境上亦面對著更多未知。更糟的是,因為菲律賓總統杜特爾特實施強制封關,數百菲律賓來港的家務工的生計懸在一線。

The Asian Migrants Coordinating Body (AMCB) and the International Migrants Alliance Hong Kong and Macau chapter (IMA-HKM) criticized and deemed unfair and discriminatory the move of the Hong Kong government to urge foreign domestic workers to spend their only day-off at home instead of ensuring their health together with the rest of the Hong Kong society.
亞洲移住人士聯盟(The Asian Migrants Coordinating Body, AMCB)及國際移民聯盟-香港及澳門分部( International Migrants Alliance Hong Kong and Macau chapter, IMA-HKM)譴責香港政府要求外籍家務工假日留在僱主家中,而非提供支援保障他們的健康。這是歧視和不公平的。

Situation of Women in Hong Kong
香港的女性處境

Around 54% of Hong Kong’s 7.5 million are comprised of women and a home to 380,000 foreign domestic workers—exploited, abused, and oppressed by a system that is faithful to neoliberal policies that puts profit over people.
香港750萬人口中,有大約54%是女性。就業人口約400萬,如不計算外籍家務工的女性就業率是女性人口50.8%。加上38萬外籍家務工(註1)。在職的都受著自由主義經濟的不良影響,如來自基層就多一層剥削、如加一層女性身份就再加一層家庭照顧壓力,如再加一層外來的家務工身份,處境更惡劣。層層不公義只因這個崇尚新自由主義的制度永遠將盈利高放於人民的福祉之上。

Considering the annual inflation rate and the increasing cost of living in Hong Kong that impacts both migrants and Hong Kong people, the Hong Kong government remained deaf to our problems.
通脹和物價持續上升,影響著基層女性及外籍家務工的生活,但香港政府對我們面對的問題充耳不聞。

One out of 5 Hong Kong people lives below the poverty line. More than 70,000 households survive on less than HK$15 a meal. The disparity of rich and poor is at its widest. Exorbitant housing rates make it impossible for the grassroots section of the society to live in a decent house. The Standard Minimum Wage (SMW) remains at a low rate while migrant workers are receiving slave-like wages and are excluded in the SMW.
每五個人之中就有一個生活在貧窮線以下(註2),超過7萬家庭靠每餐15元過活,香港的貧富差距嚴重,最富裕的一成與最貧窮的一成住戶,月入差距有44倍之多(註3)。飆升的樓價,草根階層沒有可能生活在體面的住所內。最低工資一直追不上通脹,但外籍家務工甚至不被最低工資保障,只能拿著奴隸般的薪金。

Discrimination to local grassroots women with Hong Kong’s structural inequalities disempowers women and obstructs them in their participation at all levels from home to society. This is true for household carers whose contributions are not recognized while migrant workers’ voices are unheard and their presence is made invisible.
香港制度的不平等導致對本地基層女性的歧視,家庭照顧責任扼殺生活的自主性,障礙了社會的參與,他們的貢獻不被社會承認。而外籍家務工的聲音更不被聽見,甚至他們的存在也在這個社會變成不被看見。

The government refuses to address sexual abuse and violence as an issue with Hong Kong dubbed as one of the ‘safest’ places in the world. According to The Women’s Foundation (TWF), however, Hong Kong has the world’s highest rate of female homicide victims, A 2013 study by the Hong Kong Women’s Coalition on Equal Opportunities revealed that 90% of women who had been sexually assaulted chose not to report the incident. Women migrant workers are vulnerable in sexual, verbal, and physical abuse with the Mandatory Live-in Policy yet they fear termination and deportation when they file complaints.
被譽為全世界「最安全」的城市之一,香港的性侵害、性暴力、及家庭暴力情況卻持續發生,政府不論政策、服務及法程序,仍然亦不打算處理。根據婦女基金會的調查,香港的女性自殺率是全球最高;平等機會婦女聯席2013年的研究發現,九成曾被性侵犯的婦女選擇不報案。在強制留宿的制度下,女性移民工人的處境更加危險,因為即使受到性、言語、身體虐待,她們仍會擔心一旦提出投訴,會被中止合約和遣返。

End systemic violence in Hong Kong
結束香港制度性暴力

Systemic violence against migrant women is alive in Hong Kong. The working and living conditions of migrants are tantamount to modern day slavery – long working hours, deprivation of rights, health deterioration, and increasing number of human trafficking. In addition to that, their own governments are perpetrators of forced migration and state exactions.
在香港,針對移民女性的制度性暴力一直存在。移民工的工作和生活條件幾近現代奴隸:長工時,權利被剝奪,健康惡化,人口販賣的數字上升。更甚者,移民工本國就是強迫移民的推手,是勒索。

These violence and exploitation will not end if we do not raise the vibration and rise to call for an end.
如果我們不振奮起來反抗,這些暴力和剝削便不會停止。

One Billion Rising is a platform to expose through speeches, art works, dances, and songs the condition of all women suffering from all forms of violence and exploitation.
億萬人起動是一個平台,透過演講、藝術、舞動和歌曲,揭露女性所承受的一切暴力和剝削。

Hands joined, we call upon the Hong Kong government to:
我們牽著手,要求香港政府:

1. Address the root cause of poverty. Implement significant measures to alleviate poverty.
1. 處理貧窮的根本原因,落實有效措施扶貧。

2.Implement a living wage for all. Review the statutory minimum wage and extend the labour policy to protect ‘part-time and casual’ workers.
2. 全面落實生活工資,檢視最低工資水平,將其適用範圍延伸至兼職工人和零散工。

3.Recognize home carers by providing social protection and access to sufficient public services for all people of Hong Kong.
3. 確認家務勞動者,為所有香港人提供社會保障和足夠的公共服務。

4.Protect women and children. Provide access to information and services to end all forms of violence against women and children.
4. 保護女性和兒童,公開信息,提供措施打擊針對女性和兒童的一切暴力。

5.Recognize domestic work as work. Scrap all discriminatory policies against migrants. Establish a migrants’ committee and set a regular consultation with the migrant unions and associations.
5. 承認家務勞動是工作,取消所有針對移民工的歧視性政策。成立移民工委員會,定期諮詢移民工會和組織。

This year’s theme, “Raise the Vibration, Rise in Solidarity! Rise to End Fascism, Repression, and War!” encompasses our fight against modern-day slavery and exploitation perpetuated by neoliberal globalization. It is jointly organized by International Migrants Alliance -Hongkong & Macau, Asian Migrants Coordinating Body, Gabriela Hong Kong Alliance of Filipino Women, Hongkong Women Workers Association, Women Festival, migrants solidarity committee of autonomous 8a, Association for the Advancement of Feminism, Reel Women, Resolve Foundation & Migrants Pride committee.
今年的主題「提升振奮、結連共行!起來結束法西斯主義、壓迫和戰爭!」承載了我們對全球新自由主義現代奴役和剝削的反抗。是次活動由國際移民聯盟-香港及澳門分部、亞洲移住人士聯盟、Gabriela香港菲律賓女性聯盟、香港婦女勞工協會、女人節、自治八樓移工共行委員會、新婦女協進會、女影香港、Resolve Foundation及移工驕傲遊行籌委會共同舉辦。

February 14 and 16 actions have been cancelled due to the virus outbreak and health advisories. We will recover and gear up for a bigger action as we celebrate International Women’s Day on March 8 for the Women’s March and Forum in City Hall Grounds, Central.
因為疫情及健康建議,2月14及16日的集會行動已取消。我們會在3月8日國際婦女節整裝恢復,醞釀一個更大型的婦女遊行及在中環大會堂外的婦女論壇。

 

註1: 政府統計處︰"香港的女性及男性-主要統計數字" 2019年版

註2: 香港政府 “2018年香港貧窮情況報告" ,2019年12月13日公佈

註3:香港樂施會2018年9月發表 “香港不平等報告"指出,香港2016年堅尼系數達到0.539,是45年來的新高

 

 

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