立即落實零派遣費,別再加重印尼移工及僱主的負擔 Immediately implement zero placement fees without burden to IMWs (note1) and employers

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立即落實零派遣費,別再加重印尼移工(註1)
及僱主的負擔

 

印尼移工網絡(Jaringan Buruh Migran Indonesia – JBMI)對印尼政府透過印尼移工保障局(Body of Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers – BP2MI)推遲落實零派遣費政策,亦被稱為零費用政策,至2021年7月15日的決定感到憤怒。印尼政府聲稱推遲落實是因為地區政府及聘用移工的地方的僱主都未作好準備。

 

去年,2020年6月15日,印尼政府發佈了將於2021年1月15日實施零費用政策。這政策的目的是要回應移工需繳付高昂派遣費用的廣泛關注。在香港,每位印尼移工都需透過6至8個扣減薪金來繳付約15,000港元的派遣費。為了保證收足費用,香港的中介公司會扣留移工的證件及文件(護照及僱傭合約),而印尼的中介公司則會扣留移工的個人文件(畢業證書,身份證,結婚證書及其他)。

 

印尼移工網絡協調人,Sringatin說:「我們原本十分高興會實施零費用政策,以為可從超額收費和負債枷鎖的剝削中得到解放。但現在看來,印尼政府似乎對此並不認真。我們懷疑印尼政府是否真有意願去免除超額收費對我們的剝削,或這不過是甜言蜜語。」

 

這政策的推遲落實對備受2019冠狀病毒疫情大流行衝擊的印尼移工的存活有很大的打擊。移工們原本期待這可讓他們可匯回更多款項給他們的家庭,支持及舒緩他們的家庭在疫情中承受著的困苦。

 

要回應處理超額收費的問題,至為重要的是,印尼政府必須取消那些不必要及累贅的收費項目,比如,心理檢查費、醫療檢查費、派遣保險費、行政費用、測試費、能力檢測費、認證費、訓練費及其他費用。

 

這些費用的的訂立被使用為印尼政府從移工及僱主賺取利潤的機會。這亦是為何派遣費用會這樣昂貴和剝削性。印尼政府正計劃把之前由移工承受的費用轉移給僱主。但是,在香港及台灣的僱主都發聲抗議,因為他們都在受著疫情大流行的衝擊。

 

Sringatin強調:「無論是由印尼政府或中介公司收取,將會有更多惡毒的方法收取費用。這會在印尼移工及僱主之間製造不必要的壓力和緊張關係。最後,大家都會受損害。」

 

在過往6個月,有些印尼移工被迫在印尼以現金繳付處理費,金額由3,000港元至10,000港元不等。同樣地,香港的僱主需支付超過15,000港元的費用,再加上移工到港後檢疫所需的費用。

 

印尼移工網絡相信,這個零費用政策並不是要去取消派遣費,而只是轉移至僱主身上。這計策將會延續印尼勞工出口計劃及保障可從印尼移工賺取最高利潤。明顯地,印尼政府對印尼移工在疫情大流行中日益惡化的情況並無關心。

 

此外,如印尼政府依然拒絕可讓印尼移工可自行直接與僱主議訂僱傭合約,和強制他們必須經由中介公司辦理僱傭合約的話,零費用亦難以實現。另外,印尼政府亦未能設立一個便利、公平及公開透明的法律機制,可讓印尼移工對超額收費及扣留個人文件的印尼中介公司作出投訴。

 

就此,印尼移工網絡對印尼政府作以下要求:

 

  1. 在派遣費用中取消不必要及累贅的收費項目;

 

  1. 確保公開及透明的費用及支付方法的討論;

 

  1. 設立執行就超額收費的便利、公平及公開透明的投訴機制;及

 

  1. 容許所有印尼移工均可自行直接與僱主議訂僱傭合約。

 

在「移工之光」上的網上文章連結:

https://sinar-migran.com/immediately-implement-zero-placement-fees-without-burden-to-imws-and-employers/

註1:

港人慣稱不同種族移民家務工(移工)為外傭,港府則慣用外藉家庭傭工,然而我們認為,他們不少為香港辛勞服務多年,對香港的社會以至經濟發展,功不可沒,更是香港勞動人口的重要一員。而這些稱呼帶有不必要的內外區間及排拒性,所以我們選擇了以不同種族移民家務工(移工)的稱謂,以表勞動者共行之志。特此說明。

it has been the practice of hong kong people to call the migrant domestic workers of various ethnicities (migrant workers or mdw) as foreign servants, while the hong kong government would use foreign domestic helpers (fdh), however we see that, quite a few of them had been toiling in their services for hong kong for many years, and had contributed to the development of the society and economy, their works should not be go unnoticed, and they are an essential part of the population.  these namings carried with them unnecessary segregation of who’s in and who’s out and exclusion, therefore we have chosen to call them as migrant domestic workers of various ethnicities (migrant workers or mdw), to state our willed vision to walk and work with the labouring workers.  and let it be noted.

Immediately implement zero placement fees without burden to IMWs (note1) and employers

 

The Network of Indonesian Migrant Workers (Jaringan Buruh Migran Indonesia-JBMI) is angered by the decision of the Indonesian government, through the Body of Protection of Indonesian Migrant Workers (BP2MI), to suspend the implementation of zero placement fees, known as Zero Cost Policy, until 15 July 2021. The government claims that the suspension was due the unpreparedness of the local governments and prospective employers in the receiving countries.

 

Last year, 15 June 2020, the Indonesian government issued a Zero Cost policy and put into an effect on 15 January 2021. This policy is aimed to address the overwhelming concern of high placement fees among migrant workers. In Hong Kong, each Indonesian migrant domestic worker (IMDW) is required to pay around HK$15,000 as placement fee through 6 to 8 months of salary deduction. To ensure completion of payment, Hong Kong-based employment agencies would keep the IMDWs’ travel documents (passport and employment contract) while the recruitment agencies in Indonesia would confiscate their personal documents – such as school diploma, ID, marriage certificate and others.

 

“We were very happy with the Zero Cost policy and we thought we will be free from the exploitation of overcharging and debt bondage. But now, it seems government is not serious about it,” says Sringatin, JBMI coordinator, “We are doubting whether Indonesian government genuinely intends to exempt us from the exploitation of placement fees or it is just another sweet promise.”

 

This suspension has a major impact on the survival of Indonesian migrant workers (IMWs) who are already suffocated by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is expected to ease the burden of IMWs so they can send more money to support their families who also suffer during the pandemic.

 

To address the problem of high placement fees, first and foremost, the Indonesian government must remove unnecessary and burdensome components of fees such as psychological tests, medical tests, placement insurance, administrative fees, test fees, competency fees, notarization fees, training fees and other required.

 

Those fees are created and used as an opportunity by the Indonesian government to earn profits from migrant workers and employers. It is the very reason why placement fees are so high and exploitative. The government is now planning to relegate the fees – which previously paid by IMWs – to employers. However, in the case of Hong Kong and Taiwan, employers protested as they themselves are impacted by the pandemic.

 

“More malicious schemes will be created to collect the fees, either by recruitment agency or Indonesian government. It will create unnecessary pressure and tension between IMWs and employers. At the end, we will be at the losing end,”retorted Sringatin.

 

In the past 6 months, some IMWs are made to pay cash in Indonesia as processing fees, ranging between HK$3300 to HK$10,000. Likewise, employers in Hong Kong are made to pay over HK$15,000 plus quarantine fees upon the worker’s arrival.

 

JBMI believes that the Zero Cost policy has no intent to remove placement fees but instead divert it to other parties, namely the employers. This scheme will ensure the continuity of the Indonesian labour export program and earn the most profit from the migrant workers. Apparently, the government has no concern over the worsening condition of IMWs in the midst of a pandemic.

 

Moreover, Zero Cost will be very difficult to be materialised if the Indonesian government continues to deny the right of IMWs to access direct hiring and force them to go through recruitment agencies whenever they process contracts. In addition to this, the Indonesian government also fails to create an easy, fair and transparent legal mechanism for IMWs to file cases against their Indonesian based-recruitment agency for overcharging and confiscation of personal documents.

 

In this regards, JBMI demands the Indonesian government to:

 

  1. Revoke unnecessary and burdensome component of fees from the placement fees;

 

  1. Ensure transparency in the discussion of fees and the process of payment;

 

  1. Enforce easy, fair and transparent legal complaint mechanism on overcharging; and

 

  1. Allow direct hiring for all Indonesian migrant domestic workers.

 

weblink of the post on “Sinar Migran”:

https://sinar-migran.com/immediately-implement-zero-placement-fees-without-burden-to-imws-and-employers/

note1: it has been the practice of hong kong people to call the migrant domestic workers of various ethnicities (migrant workers or mdw) as foreign servants, while the hong kong government would use foreign domestic helpers (fdh), however we see that, quite a few of them had been toiling in their services for hong kong for many years, and had contributed to the development of the society and economy, their works should not be go unnoticed, and they are an essential part of the population.  these namings carried with them unnecessary segregation of who’s in and who’s out and exclusion, therefore we have chosen to call them as migrant domestic workers of various ethnicities (migrant workers or mdw), to state our willed vision to walk and work with the labouring workers.  and let it be noted.

 

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