MFMW:重新考慮針對移民家務工人 強制接種和檢測的不公平政策

Mission For Migrant Workers 新聞稿

2021 年 5 月 1 日

「假如要求移民家務工人強制接受2019 新型冠狀病毒的測試和疫苗接種,那不是每個人,或者至少同樣要求所有所謂的高風險群體?」這是外勞事工中心對香港政府決定只要求移民家務工人強制性測試以及今後對其工作簽證強加疫苗接種的要求的回應。

在只有一個移民家務工人感染了變種病毒後,政府就將其標標籤為「高風險群體」。這進一步加劇了不公平和偏見,把家務工人視為該病毒的攜帶者和來源,並把病毒在社區中的傳播的責任怪罪工人。為此,我們深為關切

實際上,自去年疫情爆發以來,沒有任何可歸因於移民家務工人聚集的暴發。然而,香港社會中有人因為移民工人每週一天的休息日的朋友聚會,往往會誇大其辭。可是此類「聚會」經過一年多,卻不見得成千上萬的感染和傳播是由他們造成。可是「跳舞群組」感染的數百人?「健身群組」最近爆發的疫情蔓延到學校和社區?

我們想說明,每個人都受到的2019 新型冠狀病毒的威脅。歸咎於移民家務工人的群體並不科學。每個人都可能成為潛在的載體,每個受感染的人都是在不知不覺中從某人那裡得到病毒。冠狀病毒,不管是不是變種病毒,都不會考慮種族或就業狀況。

同時, 我們對這項政策將如何引起對移民家務工人無根據的歧視表示關注,包括群體因此可能再次被拒絕假日外出、公共隔離,迴避或排斥。

現在更重要的是,在每個人都受影響的情況下,移民家務工人接收地的政府應平等對待移民工人和本地人。

我們希望政府重新考慮這些政策,而不是立即對已經因疫情危機而受到冷漠對待的一個群體採取歧視性行動。

在中心最近發布的《2020 年服務報告》中,我們發現接受調查的人中有九成八人每天工作超過11 小時。七成人受到虐待,而經歷過強姦或性騷擾的人比2019 年增加了兩倍。

進行一些科學的分析,同時更公平的對待不同群體不會對社會有任何傷害。假如強制性測試和疫苗接種是一項政策,這不應僅針對社會中的特定社群。這完全的歧視和種族主義,將責任歸咎於移民家務工人,並在疫情下進一步懲處他們。香港當局應重新考慮對移民家務工人施加的種歧視性要求,並開始照顧他們所遭受惡劣的工作待遇和生活環境。

我們應該一同對抗這個疫情。我們應努力建設一個更具包容性的香港,並優先支持其中的較弱勢群體。我們希望香港政府,特別是勞工處,在這制訂政策之前,先仔細分析情況。我們相信,一定有比污名化和脅迫更好的預防方法。這些時代,我們根本沒有歧視、偏見,不公的空間。

Mission For Migrant Workers

Press statement

May 1, 2021

Rethink Unfair Policy of Forced Vaccination and Testing for Migrant Domestic Workers

‘If migrant domestic workers are being asked to submit themselves to mandatory testing and vaccination for COVID-19, then shouldn’t everyone or at least all so-called high-risk groups?” This is the reaction of the Mission For Migrant Workers on the decision of HK government authorities to impose mandatory testing only for migrant domestic workers as well as vaccination requirements for their work visa in the future.

We are deeply concerned that the tagging of Migrant Domestic Workers (MDWs) as a ‘high-risk group’ after only one has been infected with the mutant strain has reinforced the unfair and prejudicial narrative that domestic workers are the most common carriers of the virus and source of its transmission in the community.

In fact, since the onset of the pandemic last year, there has been no attributable outbreak coming or sourced from the MDWs communities. Yet there is a tendency for exaggerated scapegoating in Hong Kong society when it comes to migrant workers due to their gatherings with friends during their once-a-week day off. But after more than a year of such ‘gatherings’, how much of the thousands of infections and transmission were attributed to them? Remember the hundreds infected from dance studios? How about the more recent outbreak transmitted from gym users which spread even to schools and communities?

Everyone is threatened by COVID-19. It is not very scientific to ascribe blame that a migrant worker can only be infected by another migrant worker. Everyone could be a potential carrier. Every infected person got it from someone, somewhere unknowingly. The coronavirus, mutant strain or not, doesn’t look at race or employment status to attack.

We are also concerned on how this policy will incite unwarranted discriminatory attitudes towards MDWs including renewed denial of days-off, public segregation, shunning or ostracism.

What is more important now is for the migrant-receiving governments to treat migrant workers and locals equally especially in situations where everyone is affected.

We would appreciate it if government representatives rethink these policies instead of jumping immediately to a discriminatory action against a group of people that are already being treated differently and unkindly by the COVID-19 crisis.

In our recently released Service Report, 98% of those surveyed worked for more than 11 hours per day in 2020. 7 out of 10 also experienced ill-treatment, and those who have experienced rape or sexual harassment tripled from 2019.

It will not hurt to do some scientific analysis and to have more fairness. If mandatory testing and vaccination becomes a policy, it shouldn’t be targeting only a specific group of people in society. This is a total discrimination and racism to put the blame on MDWs, to further punish them in the midst of the pandemic. The Hong Kong Authorities should reconsider imposing such discriminatory requirement on MDWs and start to care for the working and living condition which MDWs has been suffering form.

We should all be fighting the pandemic together. We should be working towards a more inclusive Hong Kong and prioritize supporting the more vulnerable groups within. We hope the Hong Kong government, especially the Labour Department, analyze carefully the situation before making policies such as these. There are surely better ways for prevention and protection than stigmatizing or coercion. In these times, there is no room for knee-jerk reactions that are prejudicial, unfair nor discriminatory in nature.

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